About Jordan

Located at heart of where three continents merge (Asia, Africa and Europe), the land that is today Jordan has been inhabited for millennia. From the Stone Age to biblical times, from the Roman Empire to the Ottoman one, from ancient trade routes to Bedouin trails, numerous civilizations have thrived and left their mark here.

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan was established in 1946 by King Abdullah I. Today his great grandson, King Abdullah II sits on the throne of the country’s constitutional monarchy. Since his inauguration in 1999, His Majesty King Abdullah II has been building on his late father King Hussein’s legacy to create a strong, positive, and moderating role for Jordan within the Arab world.

The young and forward-thinking monarch has also taken great strides to develop Jordan into a modern Arab Kingdom that continues to witness economic growth and social development. His Majesty’s liberal economic policies have helped Jordan boom over the past decade and today it is one of the freest and most competitive economies in the Middle East. Although Jordan’s natural resources are limited mainly to phosphates and potash, its economy is thriving and its development potential great. One of the country’s main economic sectors is tourism, and Jordan’s enjoys a fantastic and growing tourism infrastructure, historic sites, and exciting and inspiring things to do for visitors of all ages.

Jordan’s most popular tourist attraction is the marvelous, rose-hued ancient city of Petra. It was carved out of rock more than 2000 years ago by the Nabataeans, an ancient Arab people, and today it is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the New 7 Wonders of the World. There is so much more to see around Jordan. The red desert sands and imposing sandstone mountains of Wadi Rum are spectacular, and the desert is home to several Jordanian Bedouin tribes.

The mineral rich and therapeutic Dead Sea lies very near Bethany and represents a truly unique and mystical experience. Jordan’s biblical history is great, with stories and relics scattered throughout the country; you can visit the remains of King Herod’s castle at Machareus where John the Baptist was beheaded, the cave where Lot took his family to escape the destruction of Sodom and Gommorah, or walk along the path that Abraham took when he heard the call of God. Other attractions include majestic desert and crusader castles, the best preserved Roman city in the world in Jerash, picturesque coral reefs in Aqaba on the Red Sea, beautiful nature reserves across the country, and stunning vistas and wadis.

While the history and archaeology are fascinating and the landscapes breathtaking, Jordan is best known for the warmth and hospitality of its people. The population is mainly Arab, with small Armenian, Circassian and Chechen minorities. While the vast majority of Jordanians are Sunni Muslim, there is also a small Christian population (about 5%). Muslims and Christians have lived peacefully together in Jordan for centuries and continue to do so today; from Amman to Salt to Madaba to Karak you will see mosques alongside churches.

It is said that the traditional Jordanian welcome and generosity stems from Bedouin roots and wherever you go in Jordan today it is likely that you will experience the wonderful Bedouin traits, whether it be a friendly smile, a dinner invitation or simply the ubiquitous offer of a sweet and cooling cup of cardamom tea.